TOEFL stands for Test of English as a Foreign Language. It is a test conducted to measure the English speaking proficiency of the non-native speakers who want to enroll in English-speaking universities. This test is accepted by many English-speaking academic and professional institutions. TOEFL and IELTS are the two major English-language tests in the world.
TOEFL is the trademark of ETS (Educational Testing Service). ETS is a non-profit organization which structures and monitors the tests. It issues the official performance report and sends it to the institutions.