Mission To Make India Clean-(Swachh Bharat Abhiyan)Rahul Singh
SWACHH BHARAT ABHIYAN.
The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a mission launched by the Government of India under the guidance of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The objective of the mission is to have clean roads, cities and villages. In turn having a clean and hygienic India. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was launched on 2nd October 2014 by the Prime Minister.
Another objective is to build community toilets to eliminate the problem of open defecation. They have also taken the initiative of monitoring the latrine use.
THE ONE FROM WHERE IT ALL BEGAN:
It all started on 1st April 1999. Government of India modified the Comprehensive Rural Sanitation Programme and started the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) which was on 1st April 2012 renamed as Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA) by then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.
On 24th September 2014, after the Cabinet approval Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan was modified as Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. Their aim is to reduce or remove open defecation by 2019, a national campaign, covering 4,041 statutory cities and towns.
THE ONE WHERE IT AIMS TO AFFECT:
The aim is to have Open-Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2nd October 2019 i.e. on the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi. They are planning to build 12 million toilets under the cost of 1.96 lakh crore (US$30 billion).
On May 2015, Tata Consulting Services, Mahindra Group and Rotary International others have promised to construct 3,195 new toilets. On the same month, 71 public sector undertakings in India supported the construction of 86,781 new toilets.
Hundreds of thousands of Indian people are still employed as manual cleaners in emptying buckets and pit latrines.
We can conclude by saying that the mission has been able to perform positively. They have been successful in building 3,183,000 toilets. Karnataka led all States in construction of toilets under the program. Many toilets have been constructed under the program. On 27 October 2016, 56 districts in India were ODF.