CAT exam Logical ReasoningMeghna Chauhan
Aspiring management candidates can prepare for the all India most competitive management entrance exam by carefully devising study plan and proper knowledge of syllabus. The CAT syllabus 2018 is divided into three major sections – Quantitative Ability (QA), Data Interpretation & Logical Reasoning (DI & LR), and Verbal & Reading Comprehension (VARC).
The questions and time duration for each section is given below:
- Verbal & Reading Comprehension (VARC) with 34 questions and1 hour
- Data Interpretation & Logical Reasoning (DI & LR) with 32 questions and1 hour
- Quantitative Ability (QA) with 34 questions and 1 hour
The questions can be MCQs or subjective.
CAT Logical Reasoning Syllabus includes following topics:
- Number and Letter Series
- Venn Diagrams
- Binary Logic
- Seating Arrangement
- Logical Sequence
- Logical Matching
- Logical Connectives
- Blood Relations
How to prepare for Logical Reasoning
- You can begin with solving previous years’ CAT papers,go to the different websites and and attempt to different set of questions and comprehend the rationale behind logical reasoning questions.
- You should practice them frequently to get a decent grasp of it as sufficient practice makes you confident.
- When there is just couple of months left for the actual CAT Test, you should target around 10 sets of logical thinking questions each day.
- Another approach to get ready for this segment is by consistently solving crosswords, Sudoku, puzzles and so on. For this, you can select the entertainment segment of the daily paper and can likewise solve case lets from different books and from the web.
Tips to crack LRDI section
- The CAT Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning section has 32 questions, and provides one hour to answer them which means less than two minutes per question if you attempt them all. But you don’t need to attempt all questions to get a good CAT score instead you need to set a time goal for Logical Reasoning section and work to achieve that goal.
- Identify the kind of Logical reasoning question type is the first step to solve it correctly.
- Most CAT Logical Reasoning questions will provide you with guidelines and constraints for the scenario described in the question. Write them separately in your notes with proper guidelines and diagrams while solving the problems.
- NEVER assume or use any information that the question fails to give you. Consider ONLY the information given in each question passage when choosing among the alternative responses.
- When you encounter a question that is difficult for you, stop working on a difficult question temporarily and return to it later but it could be done only if you have not changed the section.
- Be sure to read all the given options carefully then go ahead with selection or rejection.
- As you proceed in your CAT preparation, you’ll should focus on improving your performance. But as test day approaches, start identifying which question types you’re still consistently finding difficult, and consider skipping those—yet another reason knowing Logical Reasoning question types is beneficial.
Many aspirants consider Logical Reasoning as the toughest part in CAT examination. A paragraph is given with full of information followed by 2/3 questions. You have to read the information thoroughly and apply your logic for answering these questions. The first thing you should do while solving an LR problem is to write down all of the given information. LR problems usually contain several statements which serve as clues to solving the given questions. Thus, the problem should always be solved step-by-step.
Proper selection of problems to solve first is even more crucial here than in Data Interpretation. CAT Logical Reasoning problems are usually ‘all-or-nothing’ type, if you crack the crux of the problem then you will be able to answer all/most of the questions that follow. Problem-selection is tricky, so if you are unable to solve it after the first few minutes, the better approach would be to switch to another set of the section.
Try to do a timed sectional mock at least once in a week. And a full mock test at least once in two weeks. From my experience, learning from taking/analysing mocks is very important.