Subject-Verb Agreement

Subject-Verb Agreement

 

Subject Verb Agreement deals with the agreement of the subject and verb in number in  a particular sentence.If a subject is singular the verb must be singular and if the verb is plural the subject has to be plural.We can’t have a singular subject and plural verb and vice versa.

There are some exceptions in every case as we know.

Here are some rules to follow:

RULE 1:

Two singular subjects +  or or nor  =  singular verb  in order.

Eg: My mom or my sister  is meeting you at the airport.

RULE 2:

Two singular subjects + either/or or neither/nor  = singular verb.

Eg: Neither Samanta nor Jessica is available to meet you for dinner.

          Either Zack or John is meeting in an hour at the restaurant.

RULE 3:

Two or more nouns or pronouns   use a plural verb.

Eg:Kimberly and her family are visiting Paris this month.

RULE 4:

If Compound Subject        + or or nor  + verb then should agree with the part of

(contains both singular                                   subject that is nearer to the verb.

And plural noun/pronoun)




Eg: The athlete or his teammates sprint every day.

Eg: His teammates or the athlete sprints every day.

RULE 5:

If     Subject + Phrase + Verb

Then  Verb has to agree with Subject and not the noun/pronoun.

 Eg:The birthday girl, along with her friends, is anxious for the party to start.

RULE 6:

Doesn’t goes with singular subjects

       Eg:Meghan doesn’t like  pizza.

Don’t goes with plural subject

       Eg:They don’t know the way to central park.

RULE 7:

Each, either, each one, everyone, neither, everybody, anyone, anybody, somebody, nobody, someone, and no one are singular so they need a singular verb.

        Eg:Each of the girls is qualified for the prize.

       Eg:Neither knows how the competition will end.

RULE 8:

 Sentences that begin with there is or there are have the subject following the verb since there is not a subject. Therefore, the verb must agree with what follows it.

       Eg:There are many paths to success.

      Eg:There is one road out of town.

Exercise : Subject and Verb Agreement Exercise

Choose the correct form of the verb that agrees with the subject.

1. Annie and her brothers (is, are) at school.  

2. Either my mother or my father (is, are) coming to the meeting. 

3. The dog or the cats (is, are) outside. 

4. Either my shoes or your coat (is, are) always on the floor.  

5. George and Tamara (doesn't, don't) want to see that movie.  

6. Benito (doesn't, don't) know the answer. 

7. One of my sisters (is, are) going on a trip to France.  

8. The man with all the birds (live, lives) on my street. 

9. The movie, including all the previews, (take, takes) about two hours to watch. 

10. The players, as well as the captain, (want, wants) to win.  

11. Either answer (is, are) acceptable. 

12. Each one of these books (is, are) fiction.  

13. Nobody (know, knows) the trouble I've seen. 

14. (Is, Are) the news on at five or six? 

15. Mathematics (is, are) John's favorite subject, while Civics (is, are) Andrea's favorite subject. is

16. Eight dollars (is, are) the price of a movie these days. 

17. (Is, Are) the tweezers in this drawer? 

18. Your pants (is, are) at the cleaner's.

19. There (was, were) fifteen candies in that bag. Now there (is, are) only one left!  

20. The committee (debates, debate) these questions carefully.  

21. The committee (leads, lead) very different lives in private. 

22. The Prime Minister, together with his wife, (greets, greet) the press cordially. 

23. All of the CDs, even the scratched one, (is, are) in this case. 

Answers:
  1.  Annie and her brothers are at school. 
    
    2. Either my mother or my father is coming to the meeting. 
    
    3. The dog or the cats are outside. 
    
    4. Either my shoes or your coat is always on the floor.  
  2. 
     George and Tamara don't want to see that movie.  
    
    6. Benito doesn't know the answer. doesn’t
    
    7. One of my sisters is going on a trip to France.  
    
    8. The man with all the birds lives on my street. 
    
    9. The movie, including all the previews, take about two hours to watch.  take
    
    10. The players, as well as the captain, want to win.  
    
    11. Either answer is acceptable.
    
    12. Each one of these books is fiction.  
    
    13. Nobody  knows the trouble I've seen. 
    
    14. Is the news on at five or six? 
    
    15. Mathematics is John's favorite subject, while Civics is Andrea's favorite subject. 
    
    16. Eight dollars is the price of a movie these days. 
    
    17.  Are the tweezers in this drawer? 
    
    18. Your pants are at the cleaner's. 
    
    19. There were fifteen candies in that bag. Now there (is, are) only one left!  
    
    20. The committee debates these questions carefully. 
    
    21. The committee leads  very different lives in private. 
    
    22. The Prime Minister, together with his wife greet the press cordially. 
    
    23. All of the CDs, even the scratched one are in this case.

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