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Inventions and Discoveries
April 27 2024

Scientists are driven by constant curiosity and inspired to find the truth. Their discoveries have made life easy and also motivated several people. If we talk about scientists like Newton, Galileo, C.V. Raman etc. their great minds of science touched us and inspired us to achieve more. Thus questions about their inventions and discoveries are very common in competitive exams.


 Let us study this article about some famous scientists and their inventions.

Also, Check Out: GK Questions and Answers - How to Read GK for Competitive exam?

What are Inventions and Discoveries?

An invention is a unique or novel device, method, composition or process. The invention process is a process within an overall engineering and product development process. It may be an improvement upon a machine or product or a new process for creating an object or a result. Whereas, discovery is the act of detecting something new, or something previously unrecognized as meaningful.  


Here's a list:

Sr.No. Invention Person
1. Aeroplane

Wright Brothers

2. Air Conditioner

Willis Carrier

3. Atom Bomb

Otto Hahn

4. Braily System

Louis Braille

5. Boson

S.N Bose

6. Ball Pen



7. Cinema

Lumiere Brothers


8. Celluloid

Alexander Parkes

9. Coloured Photography

Gabriel Lippmann

10. Diesel Engine

Rudolf Diesel

11. Dynamite

Alfred Nobel

12. Discovery of Solar System

Nicolaus Copernicus

13. Electric Battery

Alessandro Volta

14. Electricity

Michael Faraday

15. Elevator

Elisha Otis

16. Fountain Pen

Lewis Waterman

Image of Lewis Waterman

17. Fahrenheit Scale

Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

18. Film & Photographic goods



19. Generator



20. Gramaphone

Thomas Alva Edison

21. Geometry


22. Hydrogen

Henry Cavendish

23. Homoeopathy

Samuel Hahnemann

24. Microbiology, Chemistry

Louis Pasteur

Image of Louis Pasteur


25. Aviation (Jet engine)

Sir Frank Whittle

26. Physiology, Medicine (co-discovered insulin)

Frederick Banting

Image of Frederick Banting

27. Physics (induction coil)

Heinrich Ruhmkorff

Image of Heinrich Ruhmkorff

28. Psychology (intelligence test)

Alfred Binet


Image of Alfred Binet 

29. Mathematics, Physics, Astronomy

Issac Newton

Image of Isaac Newton

30. Physics Laser

Theodore Maiman

Image of Theodore Maiman

31. Chemistry (Laughing Gas)

Joseph Priestley

32. Polymath (electricity, printing, diplomacy)

Benjamin Franklin

Image of Benjamin Franklin

33. Firearms (Gatling gun)

Dr Richard Gatling


34. Microscope (early development)

Hans and Zacharias Janssen


35. Physics (Raman effect)

C. V. Raman


36. Chemistry (discovered neon gas)

William Ramsay and Morris Travers


37. Physics (nuclear fission)

Otto Hahn


38. Chemistry (nylon)

Wallace Carothers

39. Chemistry (discovered oxygen)

Joseph Priestley


40. Biology (evolution by natural selection)

Charles Darwin

41. Medicine (discovered penicillin)

Alexander Fleming

42. Engineering (pneumatic tire)

John Boyd Dunlop

43. Printing (printing press in Europe) Johannes Gutenberg
45. Raman effect


46. Physics, Chemistry (radioactivity)

Marie Curie

47. Engineering (radio technology)

Edwin Howard Armstrong (Alexanderson's work influenced radio transmission)

48. Physics (quantum theory)

Max Planck

49. Engineering (steam engine) James Watt
50. Medicine (stethoscope) René Laennec
51. Engineering (early submarine) David Bushnell
52. Chemistry (thermos flask)

James Dewar

53. Engineering (television)

John Logie Baird

54. Astronomy, Physics (telescope)

Galileo Galilei

55. Physics (nuclear fission)

Otto Hahn

56. Astronomy (discovered Uranus) William Herschel
57. Medicine (vaccination)

Edward Jenner

58. Chemistry (vulcanization of rubber)

Charles Goodyear

59. Physics (wireless communication)

Oliver Lodge

60. Engineering (wireless telegraphy)

Guglielmo Marconi

61. Physics (X-ray) Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen

Also read: List of Banks in India with their headquarters and current head

Anisha Mukhija

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