Inventions and Discoveries

Inventions and Discoveries

Inventions and Discoveries

Scientists are driven by constant curiosity and inspired to find truth. Their discoveries have made life easy and also motivated several people. If we talk about scientists like Newton, Galileo, C.V. Raman etc. their great minds of science touched us and inspired us to achieve more. Thus questions about their inventions and discoveries is very common in competitive exams.

Let us study through this article about some famous scientists and their inventions.


What are Inventions and Discoveries?

An invention is a unique or novel device, method, composition or process. The invention process is a process within an overall engineering and product development process. It may be an improvement upon a machine or product or a new process for creating an object or a result. Whereas, discovery is the act of detecting something new, or something previously unrecognized as meaningful.



Here’s a list:

Sr.No. Invention Person
1. Aeroplane Wright Brothers
2. Air Conditioner Carrier
3. Atom Bomb Otto Hahn
4. Braily System Louis Braille
5. Boson S.N Bose
6. Ball Pen Loud
7. Cinema Lumiere Brothers
8. Celluloid Parkes
9. Coloured Photography Lippman
10. Diesel Engine Rudolf Diesel
11. Dynamite Alfred Nobel
12. Discovery of Solar System Copernicus
13. Electric Battery Volta
14. Electricity Faraday
15. Elevator Elisha G Otis
16. Fountain Pen Waterman
17. Fahrenheit Scale Fahrenheit
18. Film & Photographic goods Kodak
19. Generator Piciontti
20. Gramaphone Thomas Alva Edison


Lumiere Brothers
Wright Brothers









Alfred Nobel


Sr.No. Invention Person
21. Geometry Euclid
22. Hydrogen Cavendish
23. Homoeopathy Hahnemann
24. Hydrophobia Louis Pasteur
25. Jet Engine Sir Frank Whittle
26. Insulin F. Banting
27. Induction Coil Rohm Korff
28. Intelligence test Binet
29. Law of Gravitation Issac Newton
30. Laser Theodore Maiman
31. Laughing Gas Priestley
32. Lightning Conductor Benjamin Franklin
33. Machine Gun Dr. Richard Gattling
34. Microscope Janes
35. Molecular Scattering of light in fluid Ramanathan
36. Neon Gas Ramsay, Travers
37. Nuclear Fission Otto Hahn, Bohr and Ferm
38. Nylon Plastic Carothers
39. Oxygen J.B.Preistly
40. Origin of Species Charles Darwin


Issac Newton
Thomas Alva Edison









C.V Raman
Charles Darwin










Sr.No. Invention Person
41. Pencillin Alexander Fleming
42. Pneumatic Tyre Dunlop
43. Printing Press Caxton
45. Raman effect C.V.Raman
46. Radium Madame Curie
47. Radio transmitter Alexanderson
48. Quantum Theory Max plank
49. Steam Engine James Watt
50. Stethoscope Rene Laennee
51. Submarine David Bushnell
52. Thermosflask Dewar
53. Television J.L. Baird
54. Telescope Galileo
55. Uranium fusion Oho Hahn
56. Uranus (Planet) Herschel William
57. Vaccination Jenner
58. Vulcanisation Good Year
59. Wireless Communication Oliver Lodge
60. Wireless Marconi
61. X-ray W.C. Rontgen


Also read: List of Banks in India with their headquarters and current head

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