States of India

catking gk states of India details

States of India

States of India: GK about the States of India

In any competitive exam, you may find simple questions related to the States of India, their capital, ministers, monuments etc. It would be a good idea to go through some of these important facts so that you don’t miss out on the opportunity of scoring these easy few marks.

Also, in general, these are some simple and interesting facts that everyone should know. So read our article for a concise overview of the important facts about the States in India.

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The First Ranked States of India:

Let’s first have a look at the States of India that rank in important parameters that could be useful from an exam point of view:

# Statement State
1 Largest State (area wise)  Rajasthan
2 Smallest state (area wise) Goa
3 State with the highest population Uttar Pradesh
4 State with least population Sikkim
5 Most literate state Kerala
6 Least Literate state Bihar
7 The state that has its boundaries with
seven states and two countries
Assam
8 State surrounded on its three sides by Bangladesh  Tripura
9 State surrounded by one state and three countries  Sikkim
10 State with the longest coastline Gujarat

Details about the States of India and Union Territories of India:

There have been a few changes in the number of states and union territories from what we had before. India now has a total of 28 States and 8 Union Territories (ever since Jammu and Kashmir and Ladak have been named ad Union territories). Now, let’s look at each of these States in detail with respect to what is their capital, the language spoke, the current Chief Minister and what is the state known for.

1) Andhra Pradesh:

Capital: Amaravati, Hyderabad

Language: Telugu, Urdu

Chief minister: Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy

Known for:

  • Tirupathi, Spiritual capital of Andhra Pradesh
  • Art form Kuchipudi
  • Massive rivers like Godavari, Krishna etc.
  • Rice production
  • A huge population of Indian snakes

Kuchipudi Andra Pradesh

Kuchipudi is a classical dance and drama art form of Andhra Pradesh 

2) Arunachal Pradesh:

Capital: Itanagar

Language: English

Chief minister: Pema Khandu

Known for:

  • Tibetian culture
  • World’s second-largest Buddhist monastery called the Tawang Gompa

Tawang gompa arunachal pradeshThe 18th century Buddhist Monastery, Tawang Gompa

3) Assam:

Capital: Dispur

Language: Assamese

Chief Minister: Sarbananda Sonowal

Known for:

  • Tea
  • India’s first Oil fields and Asia’s first Oil refinery in Digboi
  • One-horned Rhinos in Kaziranga
  • Kamkhya temple
  • Highest tiger density
  • Majuli, world’s largest river island and Umananda the world’s smallest river island
  • The Oldest ampitheatre of Asia called Rang Ghar

 

4) Bihar:

Capital: Patna

Language: Hindu, Urdu

Chief minister: Nitish Kumar

Known for:

  • Bodhgaya, the place where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment
  • Inception of the Maurya and Gupta dynasties
  • Buddhist Pilgrimages
  • Historic sites

 

5) Chhattisgarh

Capital: Raipur

Language: Hindi, Chattisgharhi

Chief minister: Bhupesh Baghel

Known for:

  • Bhilai steel plant and other such heavy duty industries
  • India’s Niagara falls, the Chitrakoot falls

Chitrakoot falls chattisgrahOne of the largest waterfalls in India, the Chitrakoot falls

6) Goa

Capital: Panaji

Language: Konka, Marathi, English

Chief minister: Pramod Sawant

Known for:

  • Beaches, forts

 

7) Gujarat

Capital: Gandhinagar

Language: Gujrati

Chief minister: Vijay Rupani

Known for:

  • Birth place of Iconic leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Vallabhai Patel & Jinnah
  • World’s only reserve for Asiatic Lions in the Gir forest
  • Business-friendly, industrial infrastructure

 

8) Haryana

Capital: Chandigarh

Language: Hindi, Punjabi

Chief minister: Mahohar Lal Khattar

Known for:

  • Origin place of Mahabharata; Indraprasta and Kurukshetra are located here
  • Automobile factories and refineries
  • Dairy production

 

9) Himachal Pradesh

 Capital: Shimla

Language: Hindi, English

Chief minister: Jai Ram Thakur

Known for:

  • Snow leopards, one of the dying breeds of Central Asian Leopard

snow leopard himachal pradesh

The rare Snow leopards of Himachal Pradesh

10) Jharkhand

Capital: Ranchi

Language: Santali, Oriya Bengali

Chief minister: Hemant Soren

Known for:

  • Steel state of India
  • Bokaro, Jamshedpur and Ranchi where main steel factories are located
  • Rich with National parks and Wildlife sanctuary, especially Betla National park and Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary

 Also read: List of National parks in India

11) Karnataka

Capital: Bengaluru

Language: Kannad

Chief minister: B. S. Yediyurappa

Known for:

  • Beautiful architecture
  • Nature safaris, forests
  • Mysore culture
  • Technology park in Banglore (IT Hub)

 

12) Kerala

Capital: Thiruvananthapuram

Language: Malayalam

Chief minister: Pinarayi Vijayan

Known for:

  • God’s own country
  • Ayurveda
  • Backwaters, boat race
  • Rubber plantation, coconut

Backwaters of kerala

The beautiful backwaters of Kerala

13) Madhya Pradesh

Capital: Bhopal

Language: Hindi

Chief minister: Shivraj Singh Chouhan

Known for:

  • Khajuraho and ancient history (including Ujjain, Sanchi and Mandu)

 

14) Maharashtra

Capital: Mumbai

Language: Marathi

Chief minister: Uddhav Thackeray

Known for:

  • Financial center Mumbai
  • Cotton and sugarcane
  • Bollywood
  • Ajantha/ Ellora caves
  • Konkan region, Western Ghats

Ajanta caves maharashtraThe Ajanta and Ellora caves in Maharashtra

15) Manipur

Capital: Imphal

Language: Manipuri

Chief minister: N. Biren Singh

Known for:

  • Home to Sangai deer
  • Famous for Manipuri dance form called Jagoi, and culture

16) Meghalaya

Capital: Shillong

Language: English, Garo, Khasi

Chief minister: Conrad Sangma

Known for:

  • Receives largest amounts of rainfall in the world in Cherrapunji and Mawsyndrum
  • Endangered animal, Clouded Leopard 

17) Mizoram

Capital: Aizawl

Language: Mizo

Chief minister: Zoramthanga

Known for:

  • Almost complete literacy
  • Friendly tribals
  • Rare Wild Water Buffalos.

 18) Nagaland

Capital: Kohima

Language: English

Chief minister: Neiphiu Rio

Known for:

  • Naga tribals
  • Hornbill festival
  • Great Tribal dance forms

 

Hornbill festival Nagaland

Hornbill festival of Nagaland

19) Odisha

Capital: Bhubaneswar

Language: Oriya

Chief minister: Naveen Patnaik

Known for:

  • Dance forms like Odissi, Chhau, Danda, Sambapuri to name a few
  • Temples like Jagannath temple, Konark sun temple, Maa Samaleswari temple
  • Mahanadi river
  • The English word Juggernaut has been derived from the Jagannath chariot procession

 

20) Punjab

Capital: Chandigarh

Language: Punjabi

Chief minister: Amarinder Singh

Known for:

  • Largest producer of Wheat
  • Gurudwaras, the golden temple
  • Culture, Bhangra dance

 

21) Rajasthan

Capital: Jaipur

Language: Rajasthani

Chief minister: Ashok Gehlot

Known for:

  • Palaces in Udaipur and Jaipur
  • Tiger reserves like the Sariska Tiger reserve (total of 28 reserves)
  • World famous red Chillies also knows as ‘Mathania Mirchi’
  • Weaving and marbles
  • Camels and sand dunes

Mathania chillies rajasthanThe world-famous Rajasthani Mathania Mirchi

22) Sikkim

Capital: Gangtok

Language: Nepali

Chief minister: Prem Singh Tamang

Known for:

  • Red Pandas, which is also the state animal of Sikkim
  • Kanjenjunga which is India’s tallest peak
  • Natula pass One of the highest roads in the world called the ‘Natula pass’.
  • It is also the only open land border with China
  • Rumtek monastery which is the second biggest seat of Tibetan buddhism

23) Tamil Nadu

Capital: Chennai

Language: Tamil, English

Chief minister: Edappadi K. Palaniswami

Known for:

  • Four UNESCO world heritage sites namely Great Living Chola Temples (group of three), and Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram (remaining one)
  • Carnatic music,
  • Art form Bharatanatyam
  • automobile factories
  • Nilgiris tea

Brihadeeswarar TempleOne of the UNESCO world heritage sites in Tamil Nadu, the Brihadeeswarar Temple at Thanjavur

24) Telangana

Capital: Hyderabad

Language: Telugu, Urdu

Chief minister: K. Chandrashekar Rao

Known for:

  • India’s youngest state
  • Charminar in Hyderabad
  • Mix of ancient Islamic as well as ancient Indian heritage

25) Tripura

Capital: Agartala

Language: Bengali, Kokborok

Chief minister: Biplab Kumar Deb

Known for:

  • Has an ethnic mix of tribals and Bengalis
  • Famous for Leaf monkeys
  • Tripureshwari temple

 

26) Uttar Pradesh

Capital: Lucknow

Language: Hindi

Chief minister: Yogi Adityanath

Known for:

  • Taj Mahal
  • Kashi pilgrimage
  • Heart of Indian politics
  • Leather goods and refineries

 

27) Uttarakhand

Capital: Dehradun

Language: Hindi

Chief minister: Trivendra Singh Rawat

Known for:

  • Jim Corbett national park.
  • White water rapids, trekking & camping and Skiing in Auli
  • Hindu religious pilgrimages like Badrinath, Kedarnath etc.

 

28) West Bengal

Capital: Kolkata

Language: Bengali, English

Chief minister: Mamata Banerjee

Known for:

  • Birth place of Literary legends like Vivekananda and Tagore
  • Jute cloth
  • teas of Darjeeling
  • The Royal Bengal tigers of the Sunderban

Bengal tiger in West Bengal 

The famous Royal Bengal tiger found in the Sunderban Forests

Details about the Union Territories:

1) Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Capital: Port Blair

Lt. Governor & Administrator: Admiral D K Joshi (Lieutenant Governor)

Known for:

  • Known as India’s Hawaii
  • Known for its history during British raj
  • Extremely isolated tribals.

2) Chandigarh

Capital: Chandigarh

Lt. Governor & Administrator: V.P. Singh Badnore (Administrator)

Known for:

 

3) Dadar and Nagar Haveli & Daman and Diu

Dadar and Nagar Haveli:

Capital: Silvassa

Lt. Governor & Administrator: Praful Patel (Administrator)

 

Daman and Diu:

Capital: Daman

Lt. Governor & Administrator: Shri Praful Patel (Administrator)

 

4) Delhi

Capital: Delhi

Lt. Governor & Administrator: Shri Anil Baijal (Lieutenant Governor)

Chief Minister : Arvind Kejriwal

Known for:

  • Capital of India
  • Historic architecture
  • Rashtrapati Bhavan

5) Lakshadweep

Capital: Kavaratti

Lt. Governor & Administrator: Shri Dineshwar Sharma, IPS, (Administrator)

 

6) Puducherry

Capital: Pondicherry

Lt. Governor & Administrator: Dr. Kiran Bedi, IPS, (Retd.) (Lieutenant Governor)

 

7) Jammu and Kashmir

Capital: Srinagar (Summer) Jammu (winter)

Lt. Governor & Administrator: Shri Girish Chandra Murmu (Lieutenant Governor)

Known for:

  • Known as India’s Switzerland
  • Cashmere fine wool
  • Valleys, rivers and caves.
  • Bes known for sapphire, saffron, apples, house boats,
  • Pilgrimage sites namely Amarnath & Vaishnodevi

House boats of JammuHouseboats of Dal Lake

8) Ladakh:

Capital: Leh

Lt. Governor & Administrator: Shri Radha Krishna Mathur (Lieutenant Governor)

Hope you found this article on the details of State of India useful.

Happy Preparation!

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