List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

UNESCO World Heritage sites in India:

UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization) is an agency of the UN and they declare world heritage sites all over the world, including India. One of the most commonly asked questions in the GK section of MBA exams is pertaining to the UNESCO world heritage sites in India. Students are expected to learn this list properly so that they Don’t miss out on marks that are asked on static topics like this.

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About the UNESCO world heritage sites:

There is a selection criterion followed by UNESCO for choosing and declaring certain historical sites as the UNESCO world heritage sites. These are 10 criteria namely:

  1. Human creative genius
  2. Interchange of values
  3. Exhibition of cultural tradition
  4. Significance of human history
  5. Traditional human settlement
  6. Association with Universally significant events
  7. Natural beauty or phenomena
  8. Signifying major stages of world history
  9. Formed through major ecological or biological processes
  10. A significant natural habitat for biodiversity

In India, there are 38 UNESCO world heritage sites, with the last addition in 2019. Students are also expected to read about these sites in details for better knowledge and understanding

List of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India:

Now let’s look at the list in detail, form the latest to the oldest.

Sr. No. Name of Natural World Heritage Site State Year
1 The Pink City Rajasthan 2019
2 The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai Maharashtra 2018
3 Ahmedabad World Heritage city Gujarat 2017
4 Archaeological Site of NalandaMahavihara (Nalanda University) at Nalanda Bihar 2016
5 The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement Chandigarh 2016
6 Khangchendzonga National Park Sikkim 2016
7 Great Himalayan National Park Himachal Pradesh 2014
8 Rani-Ki-Van (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat Gujarat 2014
9 Hill Forts of Rajasthan Rajasthan (Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambhore, Amber Sub-Cluster, Jaisalmer, Gagron) 2013
10 Western Ghats Maharashtra, 2012
11 The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur Rajasthan 2010
12 Red Fort Complex Delhi 2007
13 Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park Gujarat 2004
14 Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Formerly Victoria Terminus) Maharashtra 2004
15 Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka Madhya Pradesh 2003
16 Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya Bihar 2002
17 Mountain Railways of India Tamil Nadu 1999
18 Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi Delhi 1993
19 QutbMinar and its Monuments, Delhi Delhi 1993
20 Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi Madhya Pradesh 1989
21 Elephanta Caves Maharashtra 1987
22 Great Living Chola Temples Tamil Nadu 1987
23 Group of Monuments at Pattadakal Karnataka 1987
24 Churches and Convents of Goa Goa 1986
25 FatehpurSikri Uttar Pradesh 1986
26 Group of Monuments at Hampi Karnataka 1986
27 Khajuraho Group of Monuments Madhya Pradesh 1986
28 Kaziranga National Park Assam 1985
29 Keoladeo Ghana National Park Rajasthan 1985
30 Manas Wildlife Sanctuary Assam 1985
31 Sunderbans National Park West Bengal 1984
32 Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram Tamil Nadu 1984
33 Sun Temple, Konarak Orissa 1984
34 Agra Fort Uttar Pradesh 1983
35 Ajanta Caves Maharashtra 1983
36 Ellora Caves Maharashtra 1983
37 Taj Mahal Uttar Pradesh 1983
38 Nanda Devi National Park and Valley of Flowers Uttarakhand
Goa
Karnataka
Tamil Nadu
Kerala
1982

I hope you found this article useful. It is an important topic, so remember to revise this list before any major competitive exam with GK section.

Happy preparations!

Also read: List of Government schemes in India

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